journalism and society

Blog Task

Discuss the professional, social, and practical contexts of journalism, through historical and contemporary precedents.

Discuss the development of online video journalism.

In 1994, The Daily Telegraph became the first news provider to go digital. In 1998, the Drudge Report released the first big scoop online with a story on Monica Lewinsky. In 1999, a software called Blogger was released by Pyra Labs. This encouraged an increase digital citizen journalism.

Source:  41 key moments in the history of online journalism {now 45} – have I missed any? | Online Journalism Blog

What impact did it have on traditional providers?​

Did they change?​

Traditional journalism took a hit when news apps for smartphones and tablets were introduced. Many news sources were now free at the click of a button. As well as this, news became quicker to release into the public, as separate blog posts could be made, as opposed to having to publish a full news paper.

Source: Advantages of online news services – The Information Age (

Who are the main providers of online journalism?​

Why are they top of the pile?​

1 News Corp. 2 The New York Times Company 3 Tribune Media Co. 4 Daily Mail and General Trust plc 5 E. W. Scripps 6 Gannett Co. Inc. 7 Daily Journal Corporation 8 A. H. Belo Corporation 9 The McClatchy Company

 Source: World’s 10 most powerful news outlets – Mental Daily

journalism and society

Journalism and Society P1, P2 and M1

people walking on paved road
  • News and Case Study

News definitions:

  1. A report of recent events
  2. Previously unknown information
  3. Material reported in a newspaper or newscast

News is information surrounding current events that informs the public, either written or orally. This can be carried out through citizen journalism, or professional journalism. (E.g. through a news presenter).

Letters to the Editor: Religion has no right to force itself on schoolkids – The Irish Examiner

Title in itself brings a negative image of religion by using word “force” – could offend those who take time and care to teach about subject and don’t believe they’re being forceful.

“The church had a distorted view of sexuality that seemed obsessive” – The Irish Times

Although I believe this to be true, I can imagine some of those passionate about the church to argue with this as they believe it as a personal attack on them (reminds me of “not all men” mentality)

“It seems that we may have been good Catholics, but we were not such good Christians” ” Bishop of Achrony Paul Dempsey

Blurred line between meanings of both? Not sure if particularly “sensitive”, but definitely confusing.

The sketch, which was part of the broadcaster’s New Year’s Eve countdown show, portrayed a mock news report in which God was arrested for sexual harassment.” – NI Humanists on RTE sketch

The sketch centers around blasphemy, which is a criminal offence in NI and came across as hugely intensive to viewers to see God in such a distasteful light.

Previous Article

‘”So-called” homes” – Some may debate that regardless of the ongoings in mother and baby homes, their name is their name.

journalism and society


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The Right to Privacy


  1. The right to privacy refers to the concept that one’s personal information is protected from public scrutiny. 
  2. The right of a person to be free from intrusion into or publicity concerning matters of a personal nature.

The right to privacy is the necessity of being able to keep certain aspects of your life away from the public eye.

  1. Freedom of the press—the right to report news or circulate opinion without censorship from the government.
  2. The right to publish newspapers, magazines, and other printed matter without governmental restriction and subject only to the laws of libel, obscenity, sedition, etc.

Freedom of Press refers to the right to publish or release relevant information to the public.

Case Studies

  1. The woman’s complaint about health and safety regarding the sauna had nothing whatsoever to do with ‘security’ issues. It was entirely inappropriate for the data controller to reveal cctv footage, while also bringing other individuals into it, which was obtained for ‘security’ purposes, to attempt to deal with this matter.  
  2. The inspection found that mobile phone numbers were collected when patrons of the club filled out a form that was passed around on given nights.
  1. Freedom of Press was justified by West Wood Club using their security footage in order to fully investigate their complaint.
  2. Freedom of Press was justified by the fact that those who went to the club willingly gave their details – however, it is unclear from the case study what they were told they would be used for.

From reading both case studies, I believe in both situations that those who made the complaint were in the right from an ethical point of view, as privacy was breached both times.

journalism and society

Journalism and Society P3, P4, M2

Checks and Balances

374/2020 – A Family and The Irish Times

The Irish Times released an article surrounding those who have passed from the Corona Virus. The article named four patients who had passed.

The child of one of those who had passed wrote to the paper. They stated that they had not given permission for their mother’s name to be used and that they “had every legitimate expectation to believe that our mother’s medical details, including her name, would not become public property”. They added that the article was “deeply distressing” to those close to her.

The family complained to the Office of the Press Ombudsman that Principle 5 of the Code of Practice had been broken.

The times we are living in are difficult enough without the media being insensitive to those effected in such a horrible way. A journalist should never be insensitive in their work for the sake of making a story more “interesting”. If this were to happen again, the paper should respect the family’s privacy during the difficult time and ensure they had full permission of the family to speak on their lost loved one.

582/2020 – A Woman and the Sunday World

The Sunday World released an article about the location of a man that had only recently released from prison, after being accused of sexually assaulting his wife’s daughters. A photograph of the man was released into the press, which included an image of his house and his wife. The wife’s identity was hidden by her being pixelated. The woman claims that the paper had also written lies about her regarding CCTV footage installed in her home.

When the woman contacted the Sunday World, they left her no response. She had to take the issue further to the Press Council.

From a journalistic perspective, the paper obviously should have acknowledged the woman’s concerns, as disregard for this reflects badly upon the paper once taken further. It was unnecessary for the Sunday World to bring the woman’s business into the article, as it was the man the public were concerned with.

375/2020 – A Woman and The Southern Star

The Southern Star released an article on a court case in which the complainant faced several charges. The newspaper stated that a woman was ordered to pay a fine to the court charity but had her charges dropped under the Probation Act.

The woman complained that there were a number of inaccuracies in the court report and called on the newspaper to apologise for their actions. She said the title of the article was false, she had not been arrested, she had not been charged with reckless driving, she had not been charged with threatening and abusive behavior and that she had not refused to make a statement.

It is important for a journalist to get the full story when reporting on a court case. Twisting the story to create a dramatic feel is never the way to go. This would highlight to journalists the importance of telling the truth when it comes to their writing.

journalism and society

Journalism And Society P1, P2, M1

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News Ownership and Media Imperialism

Media Imperialism is the influence of mass-media upon different customs and cultures, unintentionally causing erasure of identity. An example of this would be a catchphrase being used in an American TV show beginning to become popular in smaller nations, such as Ireland.


PewDiePie is Swedish but uses American sounding phrases such as “frickin'” and “dudes”. As his videos progress, he develops an American accent – assumingly naturally, but this accent influences his 109 million subscribers to do the same.

His videos cut to mass-produced American video games, which cause a knock on effect of media imperialism.

Audience interaction – Starts nearly all videos with “Hey, what’s up bros? It’s PewDiePie.”

Like Nastya

“Like Nastya” is a young Russian girl, but uses an American accent while on camera and features American Franchise in her videos (e.g. Disney). This is a similar situation to PewDiePie, who also does the same. However, Nastya’s father features in many of her videos, which he occasionally speaks in his native language. “Like Nastya” is aimed at a younger generation, who are more easily influenced by the media.