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Positives of comment sections:

  1. Gives a raw and honest view of the general public regarding news stories, without the “filter” of the media
  2. Validates the reader’s opinion for them if they did not feel validated already. Strength in numbers makes their opinion feel more powerful.
  3. A chance to engage with those who feel similar to you about certain subjects, or learn the opposing view of others.

Negatives of comment sections:

  1. Encourages internet trolling, which can be harmful to the victim’s mental health.
  2. Can be biased – people may base their opinions off of what others feel.
  3. May lead to disputes if the person is passionate about how they feel

Do the audience have the right to comment on pieces of journalism?
Do comments change what and how journalists write?

Yes. Without the public, there would be no journalism.

Some journalists, if not entirely confident in their work, may feel upset and disheartened by negative comments. As well as this, they may feel nervous to work on a story if they have previously seen comments from another source receiving hate.

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blog task

YouTube has had a positive impact on journalism, particularly in the sense of citizen journalism. With a platform like this, it is easy for an aspiring journalist to sit down and produce content that suits them and their style. An example of this is Eleanor Neale, a true crime content producer, who uploads herself speaking on these cases from her bedroom based on her subscribers requests.

As well as this, many people prefer the alternative of watching/listening to a news story as opposed to reading about it. YouTube is a solid platform for this, as many news channels upload their content onto it afterwards. An example of this is CNN, who post their highlights onto the platform. Their account is verified, making it reliable for the media consumer.

While the opportunity for citizen journalists is great, this of course comes with its risks. Fake news is easily spread by YouTube, and many times can appear believable. This is due to being able to see the journalist’s facial expressions, reading their body movements and hearing their tone of voice, and can lead to potentially dangerous situations.

YouTube comment sections can turn negative very quickly. This can be disheartening for journalists, and many channels keep their comment sections off for this reason.

YouTube has impacted the public discourse in the sense that many of us are now oversaturated and desensitized to disturbing content. As the platform is mostly free reign until it is reported to a moderator, many people stumble across content that is gruesome (e.g. Bolivia University Accident, where 7 students fell through their schools railing.)

Source: Video shows moment balcony collapses at Bolivia university, killing seven students | The Independent

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Journalism and Society P7, P8 and M4

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Ethics and Censorship

Unethical Journalism:

New York Times apologizes for ‘insensitive’ language in Berkeley article – The Irish Times

The New York Times broke the code of ethics in a report written 24 hours after the Berkeley balcony collapse tragedy, where a group of Irish teenagers lost their lives. In the article, offense to the families was caused due to the victims being described as “not just a source of aspiration, but also a source of embarrassment for Ireland”. This language came across as victim blaming, and was incredibly harmful during such a sensitive time.

Gareth Thomas: Journalist ‘told rugby player’s parents of HIV’ – BBC

The former rugby player’s privacy was invaded when the press got word of his HIV diagnosis. He had not discussed this matter with his family privately, and therefore was pressured into speaking about it. The journalist’s involved were incredibly unethical in the sense that they had no respect for his wishes regarding not making the matter public.

Ethical Journalism

Syria war: Tens of thousands of detainees still missing, UN says – BBC

The article follows the horrors of the huge number of those who have disappeared during 10 years of civil war in Syria. The journalist who wrote the article is ethical throughout the piece. This is due to them speaking respectfully upon those missing, acknowledging the war victims “unimaginable suffering” (which shows they are human, not just statistics), and protecting the identities of those who were brave enough to speak out by referring to them as “former detainee’s”.

Bobby Sands began his hunger strike 40 years ago today. What is its legacy? – The Irish Times

This article pays tribute to prisoner Bobby Sands in how he embarked on a hunger strike in protest of the British Government in order to end criminalization. The journalist who wrote the article remained ethical in the sense that they remained totally unbiased in their views of Sands. No opinion of what he did and stood for is mentioned (as this may differ for certain people), and the article is completely factual.

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Journalism and Society P3, P4

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News and case study

Story Topic: GameStop Stock Shares

  • “Bankers targeting a company to short it i.e destroy it should be banned….not the normal guy who is against it.” – The Sun

This comment is against the idea of those who work with money should not be contributing to these shares, as ultimately it will destroy the company.

  • “Another article that doesn’t tell the truth that the real reason is because hedge funds illegally shorted GameStop 140%” – The Independent

Again, this person is not happy with the level of shares arising in GameStop. They don’t think the media is telling the full truth, and believe the occurrences are illegal and ultimately going to end in failure.

  • “I’m a terribly simple soul I know…. but in my view selling something that not only is not yours to sell but, in fact, doesn’t exist, on the hope you can buy it back cheaper later is…. what’s the word…. fraud? Yes that’s it… it’s fraud.” – BBC

This comment is blunt with their beliefs. They insist that this is fraudulent behavior.

  • All articles surrounding the recent soar in GameStop Stock Shares including comments following one common theme – skepticism.
  • The majority of The Sun, The Independent and BBC’s reader’s appear to believe that the trend of investing your money into the stock market surrounds itself with fraudulent activity.
  • I get the feeling from the comments that the reason they went as far as commenting was down to the purpose of wanting to raise awareness.
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Journalism and Society P5, P6, M3

Gatekeeping and News Selection

Gatekeeping is the act of someone taking control of who has access to certain information. This can be news related, community based or relating to your identity.

Gatekeeping can relate to some people believing they have a right to be the only people that have access to this.

Demographic: 16-19 year olds.

“Flooding in Cork, Kerry and other areas amid rain and wind warnings”

Relevant for those who live in these areas and need to travel etc.

“Donnelly clarifies remarks on school re-opening after earlier saying union talks remained outgoing”

Relevant as this age category may still be in secondary school

“Ireland is getting a new covid roadmap, but what’s happening in other countries now?”

Relevant to contributing to young people’s social life.

“Coronavirus – one death and 686 new cases confirmed in Ireland”

Links in with roadmap, again relating to young people’s social life.

“Screen Watch: your guide to the best TV movies this week”

As we are in lockdown, many young people rely on TV for entertainment.

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P5 Primary

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P5 Secondary to Primary

NameJobLocationContactsAsk aboutY/N
Aoife McLysaghtTCD Professor of GeneticsDublinaoife.mclysaght@tcd.ie +353 1896 3161, +353 1896 3161 http://www.gen.tcd.ie/molevol1,2,3 As you are in close contact with young people, do you think the schools are playing a major role in Covid-19 transmission?Y
Yellow Vest IrelandOrganized anti-mask protestsDublinYellow Vest Ireland – Facebook Messenger Yellow Vest Ireland – TwitterDo you see more older or younger people attending your anti-mask protests? Is it a significant age gap? Why do you think that is? Have you spoken with young people who share your beliefs? What did they say? 
Health Freedom IrelandOrganized anti-mask protestDublininfo@healthfreedomireland.com Facebook – Health Freedom Ireland Twitter- Health Freedom Ireland^^^^^^^^^ 
David HanlonClinical advisor to HSEDublinTwitter – @drdhanlon1,2,3 
PAHO/WHOUN Health AgencyAmericaTwitter – @pahowho1,2,3 
Dr. Tony HolohanChief Medical OfficerDublinTwitter – @CMOIreland1,2,3,4 
1,2,3 
Tony RyanGuard Dublin Email – PressOffice@garda.ieAsk about calls about gatherings 
Kate NgReporter @ IndependentLondonTwitter – @etaKateakate1,2,3,4 
Craig FitzSimonsHotpress Journalist Craigey L Fitz – FB Anti-Mask  
      
      
      

Questions:

  1. Do you believe the Covid-19 blame in young people is justified?
  2. What has your experience been with young people around you regarding complacency?
  3. Is there a figure/statistic you can provide me with surrounding young people’s coronavirus transmission?
  4. Do you think schools opening is having an impact?
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P3 Legal and Ethical

Lehrer’s Rules

Out of all of Lehrer’s rules, the only one I disagree with is number 9. The rule is “I am not in the entertainment business”. I understand the possible approach he may have taken with this rule – perhaps he was implying that as a journalist, his job was to inform with facts, not mislead by skewing the story to make it more “entertaining”. However, who would read a story if it weren’t for entertainment either way? No matter what the story is, there is always an audience for it, and always a way to grip the reader with your writing skills. Nobody wants to trawl through a story while yawning and scratching their head.

Defamation Defence’s

16. truth

It shall be a defence to a defamation action for the defendant to prove that the statement in respect of which the action was brought is true in all material respects. In a defamation action in respect of a statement containing 2 or more distinct allegations against the plaintiff, the defence of truth shall not fail by reason only of the truth of every allegation not being proved.

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Introduce Yourself (Example Post)

This is an example post, originally published as part of Blogging University. Enroll in one of our ten programs, and start your blog right.

You’re going to publish a post today. Don’t worry about how your blog looks. Don’t worry if you haven’t given it a name yet, or you’re feeling overwhelmed. Just click the “New Post” button, and tell us why you’re here.

Why do this?

  • Because it gives new readers context. What are you about? Why should they read your blog?
  • Because it will help you focus your own ideas about your blog and what you’d like to do with it.

The post can be short or long, a personal intro to your life or a bloggy mission statement, a manifesto for the future or a simple outline of your the types of things you hope to publish.

To help you get started, here are a few questions:

  • Why are you blogging publicly, rather than keeping a personal journal?
  • What topics do you think you’ll write about?
  • Who would you love to connect with via your blog?
  • If you blog successfully throughout the next year, what would you hope to have accomplished?

You’re not locked into any of this; one of the wonderful things about blogs is how they constantly evolve as we learn, grow, and interact with one another — but it’s good to know where and why you started, and articulating your goals may just give you a few other post ideas.

Can’t think how to get started? Just write the first thing that pops into your head. Anne Lamott, author of a book on writing we love, says that you need to give yourself permission to write a “crappy first draft”. Anne makes a great point — just start writing, and worry about editing it later.

When you’re ready to publish, give your post three to five tags that describe your blog’s focus — writing, photography, fiction, parenting, food, cars, movies, sports, whatever. These tags will help others who care about your topics find you in the Reader. Make sure one of the tags is “zerotohero,” so other new bloggers can find you, too.

Categories
Uncategorized

Introduce Yourself (Example Post)

This is an example post, originally published as part of Blogging University. Enroll in one of our ten programs, and start your blog right.

You’re going to publish a post today. Don’t worry about how your blog looks. Don’t worry if you haven’t given it a name yet, or you’re feeling overwhelmed. Just click the “New Post” button, and tell us why you’re here.

Why do this?

  • Because it gives new readers context. What are you about? Why should they read your blog?
  • Because it will help you focus your own ideas about your blog and what you’d like to do with it.

The post can be short or long, a personal intro to your life or a bloggy mission statement, a manifesto for the future or a simple outline of your the types of things you hope to publish.

To help you get started, here are a few questions:

  • Why are you blogging publicly, rather than keeping a personal journal?
  • What topics do you think you’ll write about?
  • Who would you love to connect with via your blog?
  • If you blog successfully throughout the next year, what would you hope to have accomplished?

You’re not locked into any of this; one of the wonderful things about blogs is how they constantly evolve as we learn, grow, and interact with one another — but it’s good to know where and why you started, and articulating your goals may just give you a few other post ideas.

Can’t think how to get started? Just write the first thing that pops into your head. Anne Lamott, author of a book on writing we love, says that you need to give yourself permission to write a “crappy first draft”. Anne makes a great point — just start writing, and worry about editing it later.

When you’re ready to publish, give your post three to five tags that describe your blog’s focus — writing, photography, fiction, parenting, food, cars, movies, sports, whatever. These tags will help others who care about your topics find you in the Reader. Make sure one of the tags is “zerotohero,” so other new bloggers can find you, too.